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Naravelia.']                        FLORA INDICA.                                        3
Gray, in the Illustrations of the Genera of Plants of the United States. We can
find no difference between the anthers of Isopyrum or Trolliits, both of which are
. considered by De Candolle to belong to Ranunculacea verts, and those of Act&&9
which he refers to lltmunculacete spurifp. We have therefore followed Arnott, and
Torrey and Gray, iu restricting the tribe Paoniea to Paonia alone. Our other
tabes are like those of De Candolle.
Ranunculacea constitute a widely-diffused and extensive family, most abundant
in the north temperate zone. The genera are well-marked, and contain mostly
many species. The latter are almost always widely diffused, and very variable.
The plants of this family are in general more or less acrid; but this property
exists to a very variable extent, and it is only in the genus Aconitwn that it is so
concentrated that the plants become poisonous. Pew of the Indian species are
officinal, though Ranunculus sceleratus is well known for its blistering powers, and
Cecils is imported into Bengal from the mountains for medicinal purposes,
Sepala, seativatione valvata. Petala nulla vel plana. Carpella (aclie-
nia) xaonosperiBa, semine pendulo*3?rutices stzpissime scandente$> op-
Sepala 4-S. Petala 6-12, calyce longiora. Achenia stipiti crasso
cavo insidentia, stylo barbato plumoao caudata, demum spiraliter torta,
Frulices scatideHte&> foliis bifoUolatis, petiole iii clrtfimi groducto.
This genus, which is scarcely distinct ficin C7e?ati$, tlhioring only by the conver-
sion of the upper leaflets of the piiinalc taaf. into tendrils, by the presence of petals,
and by tbe stipitate achenm, is.quite trnp)e,i], growing in thickt'Xs iu the hot oisilns of
Southern India, and never rising on the mountains into lUc cool zone. The only
species known are those described below.
1.  W. Zeylanlca (DC. Syst. i. 167; Prod. i. 10); foHolis late
ovatis breviter acuminatis basi cordatis vel rotundatis snbtus dense
pubescentibus vel tomentosis (rarius glabratis), petalis lineari-spathu-
latis.Wall. Cat. 4687 1; W. et A. Prod. i. 2.    Atragene Zeylanlca,
,; Boxt. Qorom, ii. i. 188; M. Ind. ii. 670.
HAB. Zeylania I Carnatica! Malabaria! ConcaTi! Maisor! Bekhan!
Orissa! Bengal I et secus basin Himalaya ab A.ssam ad Sikkim efc
Nipal orieatale! Ava! Malaya 1 in dumetis calidis prsesertim men-
tosis, sed e provinciis siceioribus extratropicalibus omnino exnl.(t?.?.)
The leaves are generally pubescent on the under surface, but we have before us
specimens from Assam and Waasia in which they are quih glabrous, as in the speci-
mens fruia Prome referred to by Wight and Araotfc.
2.  N. laarifolia (WaU. Cat. 4-685 !); foHolis eUiptieo-larccolatis
aeutninatis glaberrimis basi rotundatis vel subacutis, petalis anguste
linearibus.   N. Finlaysoniana, WaU. Cat, 4686!
HAB. In Peninsula Malayana, prope Mergui, Griffith / et Penang,
Vinlttywni(v. *.)
DISTBIB. Ins. PMlippin.!
N. Jfalaytoniaiui is & diseased stale, with the schema long, subulate, and beard-